Nitra is the fifth largest city of Slovakia, built at the foot of Zobor mountain. It is also the site of the new Jaguar Land Rover plant that is the reason for our move to Slovakia. Approaching Nitra from the motorway the Zobor mountain and the smaller Castle Hill identify the city from a distance.
Fortifications on Castle Hill date back to the Bronze Age, but the oldest part of the current castle is from the 11th century when the castle was built on the site of an earlier fort. The core of the castle is St. Emmeram’s Cathedral with the Bishop’s residence, with several different parts. The oldest surviving part is the Romanesque Church of St. Emmeram from the 11th century. The other two parts of the cathedral are the originally Gothic Upper Church from the 14th century, and the Lower Church from the 17th century. The originally Gothic Bishop’s Palace got its present Late Baroque appearance in the 18th century. There are also surviving parts of the castle fortifications, the majority of which were created in the 16th and 17th centuries and smaller part from the Middle Ages
St. Emmeram’s Cathedral is the seat of the Diocese of Nitra.
The castle (hrad) dominates the old town, especially at night when it is beautifully illuminated. The views from the castle are beautiful, with the exception of Zobor the land is mostly flat and you can see for many miles. There is also a small but excellent museum which details the history of the castle and its church.